1st International Congress
From The Vegetarian Messenger (Manchester), July, 1889, p181:
INTERNATIONAL VEGETARIAN CONGRESS AT COLOGNE. - As will be
seen more fully from the report in our later pages, a congress is
being organised by the German Vegetarian Society, to be held at Cologne
from the 14th to 16th September inclusive. The Vegetarian Society
will be represented by the Rev. Professor J. E. B. Mayor, M.A., the
Rev. James Clark, Mr. William E. A. Axon, F.R.S.L., and Mr. Alfred
Tongue, and we expect that others of our members and friends will
be present. Further information will be found in the report referred
to, and we shall doubtless be able to give some details of the meetings
in a later issue.
- in fact the details were in the same issue - p210:
MANCHESTER: PROPOSAL FOR
CONGRESS AT COLOGNE.
- A meeting of the Executive and friends of the Vegetarian Society
was held on Thursday, April 25th, at the Vegetarian Restaurant, 5,
Fountain Street, to welcome Herr Gustav Weidner, one of the vice-presidents
of the German Vegetarian Society, who had been deputed by that society
to invite English Vegetarians to attend a Vegetarian Congress in Cologne.
He was accompanied by Professor André (founder of the Swiss
Alpine Choir). Prof. André may be considered an "international
man," for although a Swiss by birth he has many friendly ties
in Germany and is now a naturalised Englishman, but still retains
that broad spirit of freedom which pertains to the Switzer, combined
with love for his native land. The chair was taken by Mr. P. Foxcroft,
and among those present were the Rev. James Clark, Messrs. W. E. A.
Axon, Alfred Tongue, Otto Pupke, A. W. Duncan, Jospeh Knight, Mrs.
Foxcroft, Mrs. and Miss Harrison, and others.
After tea, Mr. Foxcroft having introduced the guests and welcomed
them to Manchester, a written message brought by Herr Weidner from
the German Vegetarian Society was read in German, by Herr Otto Pupke,
and was interpreted and explained at length by Prof. André,
who warmly supported the invitation, and gave the fullest assurance
of the desire and intention of the German Vegetarians to make the
visit of their English friends not only helpful to the cause, but
in every way pleasant for the visitors. The dates suggested for the
meetings are the 14th to the 16th of September, and it is proposed
to start about a week earlier on a pleasure trip. Contracts will be
entered into with hotels, and with railway and steamship companies,
in order to minimise the expenses, which will he kept as low as possible.
Herr Weidner expressed his pleasure at being present, and with the
kind reception he had received, and said it would be a gratification
to his wife and himself to do all they could to secure the comfort
and happiness of English friend attending the Congress.
The following is a translation of the message brought by Herr Weidner:
"Dear Sirs, - The old German Vegetarian Society, founded by Eduard
Baltzer, has sent a deputy in order to convince himself of the progress
Vegetarianism has made in England. Herr Gustav Weidner is authorised
by the German Vegetarian Society to convey to their English brethren
an invitation to an Anglo-German Congress. The German Vegetarians
would be delighted to greet as many as possible of their English brethren
on that occasion in Germany. The presence of English Vegetarians at
the Congress would, no doubt, be a great support to the cause. Cologne
is the town best suited for the purpose. The proposed dates for the
Congress are the 14th, 15th, and 16th of September, this period of
the year being the most favourable for the German Vegetarians. It
is hoped that it will be a favourable time for the English Vegetarians
also. Herr Weidner will be pleased to see the English guests a few
days before the meeting, in order to show then some of the beauties
of the Rhine. English temperance men and hydropathists will also be
invited, but the tendency of the Congress will be strictly Vegetarian.
We request you, friends, to arrange for the necessary announcements
in the Vegetarian Messenger, and to establish a committee. Those who
wish to take part in the excursion will do well to arrive in Cologne
either on the 6th or 7th of September. The excursion is to begin on
September 8, and is expected to last about six days, ending on Friday,
September 13. The German Vegetarian Society intend to give a prize
for or the best essay on "The use and nourishing qualities of
fruit." The English Vegetarians are cordially invited to take
part in the competition. - Signed on behalf of the old German Society
for Rational Living."
The Rev. James Clark responded on behalf of the Vegetarian Society.
He expressed the deep gratitude of the Society for the warm invitation,
which he thought was one of the kindest the Society had ever received.
The Society could not make any pledge as to who or how many would
attend the Congress, but he was sure that many would wish to go if
possible, and would feel a hearty interest in it. - Prof. André
and Mr. Foxcoft also addressed the meeting.
Mr. William E. A. Axon moved the following resolution: That we cordially
thank the German Vegetarians for their brotherly invitation, and pledge
ourselves to help to the fullest extent of our power the success the
International Vegetarian Congress, proposed to be held in September,
at Cologne. The bond of brotherhood, he said, supplied by Vegetarian
principles made them no strangers to German Vegetarians. That great
pioneer, Eduard Baltzer, they had not seen in his bodily presence
in England, but in the Vegetarian Society's library they had his writings,
which were highly valued. Indeed, the English Vegetarians gladly acknowledge
the richness of the German literature of food reform. The proposed
congress might be the beginning of that more intimate relation between
those in the two countries who were working for the common good. The
glories of the Rhine, and the beauty of Cologne, should attract many.
In particular, it was to be hoped that many ladies would be present.
The Vegetarian system aimed at releasing woman an from the bondage
of the kitchen, at least in its revolting aspects. The Vegetarian
system paid honour to woman. What had Schiller said:-
Ehret die Frauen, sie flechten und weben,
Himmelsche Rosen ins irdische Leben.
But they were working for a time when they might also say-
Ehret die Menschen, sie flechten und weben,
Irdische Rosen ins himmelsche Leben.
For their ideal was that of the state in which obedience to the
everlasting laws shoul make the earth-life heavenly also. One of the
conditions was that of a recognition of the universal brotherhood,
and the Cologne Congress would be a step in that direction. (Applause.)
- Mr. Alfred Tongue seconded the resolution, and hoped to have the
pleasure of meeting Herr Weidner and Professor André in Cologne,
at the Congress in September. The resolution was heartily and unanimously
From The Vegetarian Messenger (Manchester), August, 1889, p.213:
COLOGNE VEGETARIAN CONGRESS. - As already announced, the Old
German Natural Living Society has arranged for an International Congress,
to be held in Cologne on the 14th to 16th September next, to which
they cordially invite as many Vegetarians as may be able to go from
England. The Vegetarian Society will be represented, we hope, by the
Rev. Professor Mayor, president; Mr. William E. A. Axon, honorary
secretary ; the Rev. James Clark, vice-president ; and Mr. Alfred
Tongue, auditor ; while in all probability other members of the Society
from Manchester and elsewhere will also attend the congress. Excursions
are being organised in connection with the congress, to view some
of the beautiful scenery of the Rhine. As far as we can say from information
to hand, the majority of friends going from London will start from
there on September 9th, and a three or four days' excursion on the
Rhine will be made before the congress. This is to terminate on the
16th, after which places of interest in the neighbourhood of Cologne
will be visited.
The fare to Cologne and back from Manchester will be about £3
10s., or from London about £2 10. The expenses of the Rhine
trip are estimated at about £3 10s.to £4. In addition
to these there will be the expenses of the subsequent excursions.
Friends desiring to visit the Paris Exhibition while on this journey
will probably be able to do so by taking tickets accordingly, at an
additional fare from £3 to £3 10s. These figures are merely
approximate, and are given with the idea of helping friends to judge
of the probable travelling expenses that would be incurred in attending
the congress, and the further expenses of joining the excursion parties
should they wish to do so. We shall probably receive fuller details
respecting the congress and excursions shortly, and if friends desiring
further information will communicate with the Secretary, particulars
shall be sent to them in due course. Those intending to visit Cologne
are requested to intimate the fact, and also whether they will join
the excursion party. - Joseph Knight, Secretary.
From The Vegetarian Messenger (Manchester), September, 1889 p.246:
- As previously intimated, this congress will be held from the 14th
to the 16th September, 1889, and is to be preceded by an excursion
up the Rhine, commencing on Wednesday, 11th September. The following
arrangements have been communicated by the German Natural Living Society
Wednesday 11th, departure by rail from Cologne at 7-32 - visit to
Royal Castle of Stolzenfels - steamer to Rüdesheim - visit to
the National Denkmal on the Niederwald.
- Thursday, 12th, from Rüdesheim at 9 o'clock, by steamer to
Lahnstein - visit to Bad-Ems - rail to Remagen.
- Friday, 13th, visit to the Apollinaris Church - rail to Rolandseck
- boat to Konigswinter - visit to the Drachenburg and the Drachenfels
- return to Cologne.
- Saturday to Monday, 14th to 16th. The Congress. Visits will be made
to places of interest in the town and the neighbourhood.
- Tuesday, 17th, excursion in the neighbourhood of Cologne.
|As estimated by the friends in Cologne, the expenses for the
Rhine excursion will be about . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . .
|and the four days' stay in Cologne and visits there, about .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
|Tickets at the following through fares from London and Manchester,
available for 30 days, are issued by Messrs. T. Cook and Son,
61, Market Street, Manchester, and Ludgate Circus, London, from
whom fares for other classes or routes can be ascertained. Messrs.
H. Gaze and Son will probably issue tickets at same fares.
|From Manchester, via March, Harwich, and Rotterdam to Cologne
and back (3rd class to March and back, 2nd class beyond) . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
|or via London in stead of March on one journey . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
|or via London on both journeys . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
|From London via Harwich and Rotterdam, to Cologne, and
back (2nd class throughout) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
|For the guidance of those who may wish to visit Paris, and book
through, the following fares are given:
|From Manchester, via March, Harwich, and Rotterdam to
Cologne, thence via Liége and Namur to Paris; returning
via Dieppe, Newhaven, and London, to Manchester, or vice
verse (3rd class to March and from Paris to Manchester, 2nd
class remainder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
|or via London instead of March . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
|From London via Harwich and Rotterdam to Cologne, thence
via Liége and Namur to Paris, returning via Dieppe
and Newhaven to London, or vice versa, (2nd class round
to Paris, 3rd class thence to London) . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . .
Luggage: 56lb. allowed with each ticket.
Passports are not required.
It is expected that the majority of friends going from Emgland will
start on Monday, 9th September. Trains leaving London (Liverpool Street)
at 8 p.m., and Manchester (London Road) at 3 p.m., arriving at Harwich
for the steamer leaving at 9-50 p.m., due at Rotterdam about 9-30
a.m. Cologne may be reached by about 4-10 on Tuesday afternoon.
If all who are going will kindly send their names to the Secretary,
that the information may be sent to Cologne, the friends there will
prepare to make arrangements for their accommodation during the stay,
and will also try to meet the English party on arrival.
The meetings of the Congress will probably be held in the rooms of
the "Wolkenburg" (Caecilienkloster), and will be largely
conducted in English.
The programme of the "First International Congress of the Societies
for Natural Living, Temperance, Hygiene, and Hydropathy," is
a lengthy one. The following are the principal items:-
- Saturday, 14th September. - 9.30 a.m., Opening of the Congress.
10-30 a.m., Conference respecting a periodical Congress of all societies
for hygienic reform. 6 p.m., Supper for children. 8 p.m., Addresses
: "Why I am a Vegetarian," by the Rev. Prof. J. E. B. Mayor,
M.A., President of the Vegetarian Society ; and "New Scientific
Proofs respecting the Vegetarian System," by Dr. Phil Aug. Aderholdt,
- Sunday, 15th September. - 10 a.m. Service in the English Chapel.
Conference of members of the German Natural Living Society. 11 a.m.,
Public discourse concerning Hygiene. 12 noon, Meeting of members of
- Monday, 16th September. - 10.30 a.m., Final Conference. 8 p.m. Addresses
by Dr. Med. Wehburg, of Dusseldorf, and Dr. Med. Stamm, of Wiesbaden,
concerning Abstinence from Alcohol wiuth regard to Social Economy.
For further information inquirers are referred to The Vegetarian
Society, 75, Pricess Streer, Manchester ; The London Vegetarian Society,
Memorial Hall, Farringsdon Street, E.C. ; or Professor Andre, Alpine
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