International Vegetarian Union (IVU)
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3rd International Vegetarian Congress 1893
Chicago, USA

During August/September 1893, The Vegetarian (London) published a series of articles about the trip to Chicago. Most of these were about the travels and sightseeing, those parts specifically related to vegetarianism are reporduced below:

From The Vegetarian, August 19, 1893:

To Chicago !
BY T. ANDERSON HANSON

The Vegetarian Society very happily hit upon the idea of a leave-taking at Liverpool. Under the direction of Mr. Chapman at his establishment in Eberle-street a most captivating and appetising breakfast was prepared at which all the delegates and some 30 or 40 sympathising friends were present. Brief speeches were made from both sides and at about half-past ten the whole company was on its way to the Alexandra Dock where the ship was lying . . .

. . . As to the dietary it may be said that the 1st cabin Vegetarians fared fairly well, but 2nd were not fortunate enough to make their chef understand what was meant by the pulses or bean tribe, so that they were served some days with cabbage or parsnips or carrots or onions only, as an equivalent for flesh food. Brown bread varying in kind we had, however, every day, and so reached New York in excellent form, . . .

From The Vegetarian, August 26, 1893:

To Chicago !
BY T. ANDERSON HANSON. - (continued)

The next morning, the 31st, we left the hotel at 8.00 a.m. for Philadelphia . . . we were chaperoned by the Rev. Mr. Clubb, who had met us in New York, to the nearest tramcar stand for the Bible Christian Church, where an elegant lunch and many friends awaited us. After the presentation of an address to the church in Philadelphia from Salford, responded to by the Rev. Mr. Clubb and others of the church, the deputation in turn spoke brefly, and then the services of all were required to duly and truly set a graceful hemlock fir tree in the centre of the plot at the back of the church. . .

. . . to keep our appointment at the Church Lecture Hall, where again a most tempting collation was prepared.

This being partaken of with tea, coffee and ices, accompanied by pleasant gossip, the company adjourned to the Church to listen to a discourse by the Rev. James Clark in defense of a non-flesh diet, at the conlcusion of which the conpany formed itself into a social party . . .

. . . As we reached the station for Washington we found a fruit-lunch basket provided for us by the good people, made up of fine bananas, oranges, sweet biscuits, cheese, etc. ; indeed in Philadelphia we were nigh overwhelmed with kindness all round.

From the genial reception the Vegetarian Deputation met with in Philadelphia it will naturally be inferred that there is an organised Society at that centre ; and so there is, a pretty strong one too, mainly composed of Bible Christians, but with many outside sympathisers. . .

A run of 3 or 4 hours . . . brought us to Washington . . . we had hardly finished our dinner at Randall's hotel before Miss English, a most ardent and comely sample of 10 year's akreophagism, came to make us acquainted with the arrangements that had been made. . .

The Rev. Mr. Clubb presiding gave a brief record of his connection with the Vegetarian Society . . at the close, resolutions were taken to form a society, a preliminary committee being there and then nominated. . . .

From The Vegetarian, September 2, 1893:

To Chicago !
BY T. ANDERSON HANSON. - (continued)

Ar 2 p.m. we were off in a shower of rain to Chicago.. . .

. . . In the evening, being 6 p.m. [the next day], being Saturday June 3rd, about 6 p.m., we reached the self lauded Chicago . . . having subsisted all the 28 hours upon bananas, apples and oranges, and yet not experiencing discomfort or diadvantage in any way. . . .

. . . in about half an hour we reached Mr. Moody's establishment, the Bible Institute, where our party was was to be quartered.

The meals here from a Vegetarian point of view, for the most part at a separate table, were not despisable, and the waiting by some of the students was very cheerfully performed. . .

. . . [at the World's Fair] we recognised the Vegetarian Exhibit to be conspicuously and attractively placed . .

[a detailed description of a tour of the Chicago Stockyards followed]

From The Vegetarian, September 9, 1893:

To Chicago !
BY T. ANDERSON HANSON. - (continued)

[this entire article was a continuation of the Chicago Stockyards visit, with graphic accounts of the slaughter processes.]

From The Vegetarian, September 16, 1893:

To Chicago !
BY T. ANDERSON HANSON. - (continued)

[the Stockyards article concludes]

. . . after a brief rest we proceeded to the Reception at the Memorial Art Institute, of the European Vegetarian delegates and representatives by the Chicagoans. This was, indeed, a charming gathering and introductions from each side were wide and general, and in the midst of the recherché refreshments, fruits, ices, etc., were served during the interludes of sweet song, artistic music, recitations and short speeches, there seemed to be no desire to break up . . . And now we come to the actual Congress on Vegetarianism for which so many of us had made the long voyage and journey. This has been largely chronicled elsewhere and therefore it will suffice here to say that at the six sittings on the 8th and 9th of June the attendance grew larger and the interest more intense with every sitting, and became such as could not in numbers and diversity of nationalities be equalled in London. Forty-four or five papers were read and produced, all of them good and many of them of novel and exceptional merit. It was the privilege of the writer to read selections from Mr. Oldfield's paper on Starch, which was exceedingly well received and also at a later meeting Mr. Baillie's paper on the growth of the apple.

The final meeting of the Congress was most enthusiastic, closing with congratulations and grateful expressions all round, in which the writer, as the oldest representative from England took a humble part and spoke of the pleasure and instruction the Congress had afforded them and of new friends that they had thereby made.

The papers which were read will be produced in a volume of transactions which will be in the October number of The Hygeinic Review, price 1s 3d. Orders should be sent at once to the Manager of The Vegetarian.

(THE END)