|International Vegetarian Union (IVU)|
18th World Vegetarian Congress 1965
From The British Vegetarian, Nov/Dec 1965:
First Report from the Secretary, S.C.I.V.U., Jack Lucas, Thane House, Kirkbead Road, Keuts Bank, Grange-over-Sands, Lancs. [UK]
1. Introduction. A series of informal meetings between doctors and scientists was held during the Congress week at Swanwick, England.
There was unanimous agreement that a Science Council should be formed
and the recommendation was approved by Congress at a specially convened
meeting on Thursday, 2nd September, 1965. This report provides a record
2. Original Statement re Formation of a Science Council.
3. Special Congress Meeting, 2nd September, 1965. The proceedings were conducted by The I.V.U. General Secretary and the recommendation was introduced by Dr. Gordon Latto. The statement of the previous section was then read by Jack Lucas; it was explained that a scientific abstract was a summary of an article or paper containing the results of original scientific research and accompanied by an adequate bibliographic description to enable the article or paper to be traced.
The importance of the work of the Council was explained by Dr. Frank Wokes: "Vegetarianism was founded on moral principles. However, from the beginning it has also had a strong scientific basis. This has gradually increased in importance, and since World War II has rapidly developed into its present leading position with enormous potential applications. All scientific progress is based on the findings of previous workers. These are recorded in the vast scientific literature, comprising journals published by scientific organizations, official publications from Government Departments, text-books, and monographs from many different authorities. Scattered through thousands of volumes are articles containing much information of importance to vegetarians. The abstracts which we propose to prepare will summarize this essential information in a concise and readily available form and will endeavour to survey fresh information as it is published. Members of the Council, and other vegetarian scientists and doctors, who it is hoped to enrol in the work, are in an excellent position to survey a substantial part of the literature on an international basis. A considerable nucleus of information is already available at the V.N.R.C. and it is hoped that this will be available for the use of the Council. Research on a greatly expanded scale is urgently needed for the development of new vegetarian foods and their testing by clinical trials, and for their large-scale production. In recent conversations with Dr. Sukhatine, Head of the Statistics Division of F.A.O., he expressed an interest in our work, and a sympathy with our aims. Experts studying world food problems are concentrating mainly on vegetable protein foods designed to replace as efficiently as possible the limited supplies of animal foods. The Science Council, which we propose should be established by The I.V.U. must, therefore, collect and summarize the information providing the essential basis for these developments, and in which it should aim to play an active part."
A supplementary statement regarding financial support for the project was made by Jack Lucas. It was pointed out that the Council was most fortunate in that much of the work would be undertaken voluntarily, and that Centres for handling and processing the abstracts already existed at Zurich and at Watford. Additional secretarial assistance and facilities would, however, be essential at the two centres, and it was estimated that an initial annual budget of some hundreds of pounds would enable a modest but important start to be made in the work. The Council and its Committee would take all possible steps to secure the accuracy and reliability of its service, and it was hoped that the abstracts would have some commercial value in the future. They would certainly be of value to international organizations such as F.A.O. and voluntary bodies such as Oxfam, and the possibility of some financial support from such organizations would be investigated at the opportune moment.
A number of members expressed enthusiastic support for the venture
and the recommendation was accepted without dissent.