International Vegetarian Union (IVU)
IVU logo

History of Vegetarianism - Ancient India and The East
See also the early sections of:

Complete Old Books:

  1. Outlines of Jainism (link to by Jagmanderlal Jaini M.A., Indore. Pub. Cambridge, 1916. Founded by Mahavira, 599 BC - avoids all harm to animal life.
  2. The Kalpa sutra, and Nava tatva: two works illustrative of the Jain religion and philosophy (link to trans. & appendix by J. Stevenson, Bombay. Pub. London, 1818
  3. Jaina Sutras Part I & II (link to Google books) trans. Hermann Jacobi, Oxford 1884
  4. Texts from the Buddhist canon, commonly known as Dhammapada, with accompanying narratives (link to trans. Samuel Beal, Prof. of Chinese, London, 1878. Buddha (?563-483 BC)
  5. The Lankavatara Sutra; a Mahayana text (link to trans. Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki, London, 1932
  6. Asoka, the Buddhist emperor of India (link to by Vincent A. Smith M.R.A.S., Oxford, 1901. Asoka (273?-232 BC) banned all animal slaughter in India.
  7. The Laws of Manu (link to Google books) trans. George Bühler, Oxford, 1886. Somewhat disputed Hindu texts... does not prohibit meat eating but: p.99, Law 48: "Meat can never be obtained without injury to living creatures, and injury to sentient beings is detrimental to (the attainment of) heavenly bliss ; let him therefore shun (the use of) meat."