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The Vegetarian World Forum

WORLD FORUM - No. 2 Vol. XII - JULY 1958, pp.21-30:

IVU NEWS
The Hon. General Secretary will be glad to have news items of general interest from Vegetarian Societies and Vegetarians everywhere.

NEW APPOINTMENTS

AT a recent Committee Meeting in London and in accordance with a direction made at the Indian World Vegetarian Congress the following appointments have been made:-

Hon. General Secretary - Geoffrey L. Rudd, c/o The Vegetarian Society, Bank Square, Wilmslow, Cheshire, England. This office will cover Europe and other countries not covered by the other two Hon. Secretaries, and co-ordinate the work generally.

Hon. Secretary for the Americas - Dr. Dastur F. Bode, 4511 Finley Ave., Apt. 6, Los Angeles 27, California, U.S.A. Dr. Bode will co-ordinate the work in America, Canada and South America.

Hon. Secretary for India and The East - Shri J. N. Mankar, 149 Shroff Bazar, Bombay 2, India. This appointment will cover India and the East generally.

The Hon. General Secretary will welcome news of activities, achievements, propaganda drives, functions, and anything of general interest - scientific research, new facts about nutrition and nature cure, etc.

MAGAZINE MERGER

THE two national Vegetarian Societies are merging their magazines, The Vegetarian (bi-monthly) and Vegetarian News  (quarterly), as from January, 1959. This, it is hoped, is a first step towards closer co-operation between The Vegetarian Society and The London Vegetarian Society.

The British Vegetarian (the new title) will go to the combined memberships every two months and will be edited alternately by the two Society Secretaries. In this way the memberships, which are quite distinct, there being an overlap of only 200 members, will have the benefit of two points of view. Advertisers will also be glad to have a complete coverage of the vegetarian movement in a single publication.

ATHLETIC ACHIEVEMENTS

TWENTY-SIX-YEAR-OLD David Keeler, a life vegetarian, broke the Lands' End to  John O'Groats cycling record on June 1st. His time for the gruelling 870 mile journey was 2 days 3 hours 9 minutes, 3 hours 24 minutes better than the record held for 21 years by Sid Ferris, another vegetarian.

 Keeler, who has held many 25 mile and 24 hour time trial honours, is a physicist, at present working in Paris.

 As we go to press news comes in that Jim Hanning, another record-breaking cyclist, has won the Catford Open 24 hour event, doing 458 miles - 18 miles in front of the nearest meateater! - all three are members of The Vegetarian Cycling and Athletic Club, London.

 Bill Pickering, the Channel swimmer, who held the record for a time, is planning to be the first to swim the English Channel both ways non-stop. He says only a vegetarian could do it - he is one, of course. We wish him luck.

MEMORANDA TO GOVERNMENTS

THE General Secretary has recently sent a Memoranda on Food in Relation to the  Increasing World Population, to the British Ministry of Food, the Embassies of all nations, and the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations - many Embassies 'phoned and wrote for extra copies to send to their government departments concerned with food and agriculture.

 The Memoranda submitted that:-
"Nations should consider planning food production on a long term policy to meet the nutritional needs of their own increasing populations, and that in view of the wide disparity of the world food distribution planning should also be international in scope and free from narrow selfish financial considerations.

Since meat has many grave disadvantages as a food the latest scientific evidence favouring a meatless diet should be given urgent and immediate attention.

Failure to plan without due weight being given to the accompanying facts may lead to widespread famine, disease and economic disruption in a relatively short time.

The present short term policy of many governments to try to increase meat production is viewed with alarm since this cannot but aggravate the coming food crisis."

It presented population figures and the fact that there would be 350,000,000 extra people to feed in only 17 years' time. The sources of nutrition were reviewed and and the case for vegetarianism presented from the purely scientific and economic standpoints.

It suggested that. "Governments should consider the foregoing facts in planning to meet the coming food crisis predicted by many eminent authorities.

 That steps should be taken immediately to cultivate alternative sources of nutrients from the vegetable kingdom - with world-wide planting schemes for nut and fruit-bearing  trees, instead of timber-yielding growth e clusively.

 That the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations should be urged to consider the world food problem.

That ministries of Food should initiate a programme of public education to encourage a weekly ‘Vegetarian Day’ as a contribution towards a more equitable distribution of available food.
That newapapers and journals should be encouraged to publish vegetarian recipes and the advantages of a vegetarian diet, which is in fact, more attractive to the eye and palate than meat foods.

That the matter is treated as being  treated as urgent.

That the feeding of 350,000,000 extra people by 1976, a relatively  short time, will constitute a major problem, but  one in which all nations can co-operate to solve – an excellent – opportunity for all to work in harmony.”

Reuters, the news agency, distributed a condensed version to many newspapers abroad.

POISONOUS PESTICIDES

New pesticides may be poisonous, not only to persons engaged in their formulation, manufacture and application, but also to the public who consume products treated with them.  The problem of protection has been deal with by different methods in different countries.”  (The Lancet, May 3rd, 1958, p.958)

The U.S.A. Food and Drug Administration has power to seize food for examination and ensure that regulations are not infringed - it is responsible for advising manufacturers and limits the amounts of substances used as pesticides. In Britain the relationship between the Association of British Insecticide Manufacturers and the Ministries of Health and of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, depends largely on voluntary co-operation-any recommendations made by the Ministries do not have the force of law behind them. We think this alarming since pesticides are getting more powerful and more lethal; the consumer only has the recommendations of Government advisers.

 The article states "Hazard to the consumer is hard to assess. It is practically impossible to prove that any substance is harmless, and the committee must decide whether a few parts per million of a toxic substance ingested daily for a lifetime by a whole population is likely to harm individuals or the population as a whole . . . So far, no cases of illness have been recorded as a result of eating food treated with any pesticide according to accepted methods; but accidental poisoning occurs from time to time. For instance, Davies and Lewis (Brit. Med. Journal, 1956, ii, 393) reported that a number of people ate bread made from flour contaminated during transport by 'Endrin,' a chlorinated hydrocarbon type of insecticide. In the U.S.A. dicophane (D.D.T.) has been detected in the fat of persons who had had no occupational exposure to this substance, which was apparently ingested in food. There is no evidence that the presence of as much as 20 parts per million in the fat gives rise to any symptoms. Whether it is desirable to treat food with substances which can accumulate in the tissues of man and animals is another matter, and must be assessed in relation to the benefits of the increased food production that has resulted from the use of pesticides."

It is clear that advisers may "take a calculated risk" in making their recommendations but it is equally clear that they should be backed by legislation and not left to a happy-go-lucky farmer or horticulturist.

Among the toxic substances used are flouracetamide, and alkali assemates (on potato plants), organo-mercury compounds (in greenhouses and as dry seed dressings), and ethyl mercury chloride. "In the case of the dry dressing of seeds a potential risk exists, not only from vaporisation of the organo mercury compound, but also from the presence in the working atmosphere of dust of small particle size . . . Poisoning by organo-mercury compounds causes selective damage to the central nervous system which may lead to permanent disability or death." Cases have been reported of serious effects to manufacturers and users of the ethyl or methyl derivatives.

 Antibiotics are being widely used as preservations and the blood condition of operatives has been affected even when protective clothing was worn. We are not easily convinced that the food is entirely harmless.

In the same issue of The Lancet (p. 959) is a report that Coventry Public Health Inspectors found traces of lead and arsenic on the skins and stems of two batches of apples from the Lebanon. Our Ministry of Health states that the washing of all fruit before eating affords adequate protection from any hazard to the consumer and that peeling and coring will provide an additional safeguard.

PARENT, PLEASE NOTE –

A TWO - YEAR - OLD Wirral, Cheshire, England, boy contracted smallpox in April. His grandmother and sister were vaccinated as a precautionary measure - both developed smallpox. (The Lancet, May 3rd, 1 958, p. 959.)

Replies from the Minister of Health reveal that in England and Wales in the 25 years ended December, 1956, only two children under five died of smallpox, but 106 died of vaccination. In 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941 and 1942 20 deaths were assigned to vaccination and none to smallpox for children under five.

INFANTILE SCURVY IN CANADA

IT is reported (The Lancet, May 3rd, 1958, p. 951) that the incidence of scurvy has shown a decided rise in Canada and particularly in Toronto.

 Investigations show that nearly four-fifths of the infants had not been given suitable fruit juices - ascorbic acid preparations, or orange juice, etc. It is amazing to find that the average duration of breast-feeding in the number of cases investigated was only 11 days; the alternatives being evaporated or pasteurized milk.

GREAT SWEDISH VEGETARIAN

W E are sorry to learn of the death of Major Ernst Killander, President of the Swedish Vegetarian Society, at the age of 76.

Those who attended our Congress at Sigtuna, Sweden, will remember this courteous and friendly worker in the Swedish vegetarian movement, who was very well known and honoured by all.

 Mr. Sigfrid Spring, who is editor of Saningsmannen, has been elected as the new President.

"HAVING FUN WITH YOUR FOOD"

THE British Medical Association spent £80,000 and distributed 3,000,000 copies of More Fun With Your Food on 19th May - it was practically impossible to buy a copy the next day, showing the great interest housewives take in cookery. Of its kind the recipe book is excellent, well illustrated and attractively presented - how we wish we had £80,000 to spend on a cookery book - happily, 3,000,000 housewives will read the comment "A proper vegetarian diet can be just as good as one containing meat. Most vegetarians in this country are really lacto-vegetarians. They will take milk and milk products such as cheese.

Often they also eat eggs. Here the nutritional answer is simple. So long as they take enough of these things, they will be having as good a diet as meateaters."

 This is a striking admission from an orthodox medical source and we are glad that what we have been stating since 1847 has at last been admitted. It is, however, the opinion of many orthodox doctors and scientists that animal fats are a definite factor in coronary diseases of the heart. Having concentrated on meat dishes the B.M.A. could hardly admit this fact-so the idea is brushed aside with the advice not to let such theories spoil our enjoyment of meals - enjoy all the fats in moderation.

TEST TUBE BLOOD

THE human body can make its blood from vegetable food sources, it should not therefore, be beyond scientific resources to make a substitute and stop the ghoulish business of human blood transfusions, which play a tremendous part in hospital treatments.

The Sunday Dispatch reported recently that an artificial substitute is now being manufactured by Bengers of Holmes Chapel. The "blood" is called Dextraven and is made from a substance which sugar manufacturers throw away as waste. It is said to be simpler, safer and cheaper than blood plasma and has a longer shelf life. The Medical Officer of Health, Mr. Derek Walker-Smith, is considering whether hospitals should be encouraged to use this medical discovery.

 If all that is claimed for the substitute is true, then in emergencies it would certainly be better than having human blood which, considering the nation's eating habits and low standard of health, is more than likely to introduce unpleasant and disease-provoking elements.

MAY MEETINGS

EVERY year in the first week of May The Vegetarian Society holds a series of meetings in a different town. In this way, in the course of time, the whole country gets a good dose of vegetarianism. Civic dignitaries usually attend the Reception Dinner and this ensures the presence of the Press and photographers. Cookery demonstrations, film shows and Brains Trusts or lectures cause quite a stir in the particular neighbourhood as these are well advertised and done on a big scale.

This year the May Meetings were held in Brighton, on the south coast of England, under the auspices of the Sussex Vegetarian Society - large audiences attended all the public events and many had to be turned away.

 Air Chief Marshal Lord Dowding and LadyDowding were among the guests of honour - both are vegetarians. The local Mayors and Mayoresses also honoured the occasion.

 A panel of four distinguished vegetarian doctors were the team of a lively Brains Trust at the Brighton Royal Pavilion - Dr. B. P. Allinson, Dr. Douglas Latto, Dr. James Horsley and Dr. Alan Stoddard, with Mr. W. A. Sibly, M.A., J.P., as Question-master.

AMERICAN CONFERENCE

WE learn from Dr. Bode, Hon. Secretary for the Americas, that the Fourth Western Conference for Better Living was held on the 21st and 22nd June, at the Alexandria Hotel, Los Angeles, California.

 A wide range of subjects was covered by many well-known speakers: Organic Gardening, by William C. Kinney and Phil Arena Science, by Helen M. Kennedy, B.A. and Eleanor McBean, Ph.D.; Nutrition, by Everett W. De Long, M.D. and Maurice H. Kowan, D.O. Other subjects of an ethical nature were dealt with by Dr. Dastur F. Bode, Dr. Katherine Nimmo, Henry Sorge, Dr. Martha Frank, Dr. Judith M. Tyberg, Dr. Frank W. Varese, Helen Touyarot and the Rev. C. K. Beckwith.

 The question of reviving the American Vegetarian Union was considered and a committee appointed to investigate.

Dr. Bode's lecture dates included :-
Monday, July 28th, Hotel Whitcomb, San Francisco. Sunday, August 3rd, Ebell Auditorium, Oakland.  Sunday, August 10th, St. Claire Hotel, San Jose. Sunday, August 17th, Hotel Senator, Sacramento.

THE LONDON BUDDHIST VIHARA

 IN March, 1954, the London Buddhist Vihara was established in a spacious four-storey building, at 10 Ovington Gardens, London, S.W.3, under the trusteeship of a few philanthropic Ceylonese Buddhists, in response to the growing interest for Buddhism in the West.

 This Vihara was established mainly to provide a place of religious observances and to make available the services of the Buddhist Monks to lay Buddhists, Hindus, and all others interested in the teachings of the Buddha. All facilities for the observance of the Eight Precepts on full-moon days are seen to.

 Besides this, the Vihara provides facilities for the study of Buddhism and the propagation of the Buddha Dhamma. It has a lending library and a reading room which are open to the public. Public lectures are held every Sunday afternoon and classes in Meditation and Buddhist Metaphysics are held during the week. Devotions are conducted every evening by the resident Bhikkus, during which time there are chanting of the Suttas followed by a short sermon and meditation.  

It is very seldom that a Buddhist visitor to London fails to call at the Vihara. They go there in connection with their religious needs, for which the resident incumbent, Maha Thera, is always at their disposal.

 With the generous patronage of the trustees and able guidance of the incumbent Thera, Venerable H. Saddatissa, M.A., the work of the Vihara is becoming known and augurs well for the future.

The Vihara counts the support of European Buddhists as well as those from India, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaya, China, Japan and Ceylon. The address is :-
London Buddhist Vihara, 10 Ovington Gardens, London, S.W.3.

VEGETARIAN HOTEL IN AUSTRIA

THE Osterreichisher Vegetarierbund informs us :---" We should appreciate if you would publicise in your magazine that we have succeeded after long negotiations to get a first-class hotel in the most beautiful countryside of Austria to prepare as from spring, 1958, ALL vegetarian kinds of food (such as, for example, according to Bircher-Benner, Gerson, Waerland) and also diet dishes (such as, for example, for diabetics, persons suffering from diseases of the stomach, liver and bile) under the direction of a specialist with great experience in biological nutrition and to have such food served in a separate dining-hall. In that dining-hall no alcoholic drinks will be served and smoking will not be permitted.

 The hotel disposes besides of its own brine and other medicinal baths on its own premises, which is supervised by nature-cure people.

 In view of the fact, that such an establishment has not existed in Austria so far, the demand for such will be rather heavy and it will be resorted to quite a lot. The establishment will be open all the year round. Enquiries and prospectus can be obtained from the hotel 'Kaiser von Osterreich.' Bad Aussee, Styrian Salzkammergut, Austria."

NON-HURTING

ONE of the most beautiful words I have ever come across in any language is the Indian word 'AHIMSA', which means non-hurting. This is a good motto to be remembered all our lives, in our dealings both with animals and with people.

Someone once said that the animals are God's youngest children. This sounds strange, when you think that once upon a time there were animals upon the earth, but not yet any people; for the animals were there first. What he meant was that the minds of animals were more like those of children, than of grown-up persons. It helps us in our dealings with animals to think of them as little brothers, just as St. Francis used to speak of Brother Wolf.

Animals can learn a great deal from us, as anyone who has watched a sheep-dog at work will realise. Therefore we should help them all we can by our loving companionship. If animals are capable of such intelligence we must not think that they are of no particular importance because they cannot speak as we do. They have ways of expressing their wishes, which we can find out by watching them. The study of animals is very fascinating. From it we learn how very much like ourselves they are; so it becomes easier to know how to look after them.

 We should also remember that the animals and ourselves are part of God's great plan, which extends beyond the earth to the stars and other bodies in the sky. We have to try to play our part in this scheme of things. This is a study which extends over the whole of our lives, so we should always be on the look out for what is good and beautiful and true. Cruelty to animals is very ugly, because it is a case of those who are stronger taking advantage of the weaker, whereas it is always good to help, even though some people may laugh.  You will find that this Non-hurting is one of the most precious jewels you can possess during your life."-F. Barker, The United Humanitarian League, 17 Wheat Hill, Letchworth, Herts, England.

WORLD DAY FOR ANIMALS

IN May, 1927, it was suggested to Miss M. B. Ford, A.R.A.M., the Honorary Secretary of  the World League for the Protection of Animals (English Branch) that:

"One Day throughout all the world should be devoted to the benefit of the animals."

 The Committee of the World League met in October, 1927, and decided to accept this suggestion, choosing 4th October as the "One Day ", because this is the date when people think about St. Francis who called animals his  little brothers and sisters ".

 The motto of World Day is: THINK-SPEAK-ACT FOR ANIMALS, and in 1932 the forget-me-not flower was chosen as its badge to remind us that many an animal would say, if able to speak, "Please don't forget me."

The keeping of World Day has spread from England to many other countries, and children, big and little, in France; Holland, Switzerland, Australia, Canada, India, America and other places, take part in it. For instance, in 1954 animals and children attended Church together, cats, dogs, tortoises and a snake being some of the creatures who were brought.

 In Ceylon, elephants, cattle, goats, dogs and cats were fed in the Park, and in India money was given to buy food for birds and animals.

 These things show that we all should, like St. Francis, love all creatures-animals, birds, fishes-and be kind and helpful to them. If we have pets in our homes, let us treat them as members of the family, being sure that they have food and water at the proper times, comfortable resting places at night, and every care and attention.

 Many other creatures look for and respond to help and friendship. Cats, dogs, horses, cows, donkeys, sheep, pigs and chickens like to be spoken to kindly and treated gently. Birds need food and water in winter for themselves, and in spring and summer for themselves and their young.

 World Day stands for kindness and friendliness to all animals. But there are 364 other days in the year, and every one of these could be a Day for Animals, if we try to make it so. -From The United Humanitarian League, 17 Wheat Hill, Letchworth, Herts, England.

NEWS OF CANADIAN ACTIVITIES

A SOCIAL evening was held on January 21st at Shaw Hall. Slides were shown by Mr. and Mrs. E. Haist of their Christmas trip to Florida, which were much enjoyed. A piano selection by our talent member, Miss Francis Kennedy, violin numbers by Miss M. Koichuk and songs by Mr. G. Clark, accompanied by Mrs. Clark, were all given enthusiastic applause. Two personal experiences of help received by fasting and a change to vegetarian diet were given by Mr. L. Dadswell and Mr. C. Taylor. Dancing was enjoyed by all who participated under the leadership of Mr. Krehm. Refreshments were served. Only 30 attended. The collection was $15.00.

Our first meeting in February was on the 18th, when Dr. Alice Chase, of Spring Valley, New York, came to lecture on "Nutrition and Health," in Shaw Hall, and gave much valuable information on how to eat for health, and how to avoid some of the prevailing ailments and gave several case histories to illustrate the teaching; she recommended everybody to take more fruit and vegetable juices and the hotels and restaurants (and, of course, the hospitals) to serve more fresh pressed fruit drinks. On another point Dr. Chase said: "There is no humane killing, it is all inhumane, animal exploitation and wars must be resisted and children should not be given guns and war games which cultivate a fighting attitude."

 A dinner at the St. Regis Hotel was held on Thursday, the 20th, to enable those who could not come to hear Dr. Chase on the 18th to do so: 50 were served, using Carley's "Cold Lunch" as protein, with two vegetables and salad, and banana pie for dessert. The Chairman spoke of the work of the Toronto Unit and welcomed those present, then introduced Dr. Chase, who spoke of the first requisites for Health and gave more information on Nutrition and recommended all workers to take time off every week-end to fast and rest in pure fresh air. Mr. Lee Pritzker spoke of the Report of the International Vegetarian Congress which had just been received, and praised Dr. Chase for her Work for the Cause. This called for hearty applause and farewell to her when she left to catch her train for New York. Several of her books were sold, and two new members were entered.

A meeting was held on March 18th, at Willowdale, in North York Memorial Hall, at which Dr. G. M. Arnott gave a very informative lecture and answered questions on "Is Vegetarian Diet best for You?" The lecture had been advertised at the Branson Hospital and the Seventh Day Adventist Meetings, and 40 people attended. The health foods and candies on display were all bought, and some books also, realizing $13.76. New enquirers came and we trust that our members and friends who live in that vicinity will organize another meeting or demonstrative picnic nearby as soon as the weather is suitable.

 On March 20th, a meeting was held also in Shaw Hall, Toronto, two days after when a different programme was given. A film showing healthily-fed and outdoor exercised, children, then one "Diet Did It" showing the difference in health and development of a body fed on sugar and starch with no fruits and vegetables, and one fed on plenty of fruits and vegetables containing natural vitamins and minerals. Dr. W. J. McCormick then answered many questions based on this subject.

 Mr. C. Clark sang popular ballads in the interlude, and then the Questions and Answers item. Mr. Hugh Jackson read the questions, and answers were read by Mrs. Douglas Taylor, Mr. Wilicox, Mr. Ken Long, Miss Ruth Playle, and Mr. Ohlman, given in Geoffrey Rudd's thought provoking book: Why Kill for Food?

 Collection for expenses came to $13.00, for Health Candies and Foods $15.00. Attendance 45. Dandelion coffee and sandwiches, etc., were served while people were being introduced; apologies to some newcomers who were neglected owing to the Reception Committee being not well organized.

We have heard of a good way of raising funds and spreading publicity. Each member is urged to plan a project (or join with another in doing so) as holding a luncheon, garden party, or bus trip, or offering a room at summer cottage for a time, or ask your friends or acquaintances if they know any vegetarians who, perhaps, are unaware of the Toronto Unit and its work. If so, kindly invite them to our meetings of unique interest.

Mr. Baird, of Terra Nova, Ontario, desires to find someone to help him on his farm the work of which is general. Mrs. Glegg, 83 Isabella Street, Toronto, WA 1-4610 has a good juicer for sale, $45.00.

The address of the Canadian Vegetarian Union is 28 Walker Ave., Toronto 7, Ontario.

MENACE TO AMERICAN FOOD

THE Citizens Medical Reference Bureau, Inc., reports that more chemical contamination is in store for American housewives.  Shops are obliged by the Federal Food and Drug Administration to show the following notice when fruit and vegetables are so treated –

To maintain freshness in transit - this fruit has been protected with biphenyl, 2,4-dichiorophenoxyacitate and sodium o-phenyl-phenate."

 The Citizens Medical Reference Bureau says:
 "If it is not publicly displayed, ask why? Help the Food and Drug Administration in its efforts to protect you. Commissioner George P. Larrick has taken the position, that, 'the consumer has a right to know whether a preservative is added to food, and what it is.'

Your support will help the Commissioner to maintain this position. Check your own fruit and vegetable dealer. If the above small 4-3/4 inch by 2-2/4 inch card is not displayed report it to your local Health Department, and also to Mr. George P. Larrick, Commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration, Washington, D.C.

In the meantime we are suggesting to Commissioner Larrick that larger and more conspicuous signs be provided for display. The heavy residue of the above referred to chemical used by packers of fruits and vegetables to maintain freshness is so powerful, that boxes in which fruit so treated are packed, retain the strong odour of chemical medication, which will noticeably affect other foods stored in them, spoiling the palatability of them. The card board containers as used for tomatoes, apples, and oranges are especially vulnerable in this respect."

HUMANE SLAUGHTER IN U.S.A.

ON the morning of June 18th, Curtis Freshel had a Millennium Guild advertisement in the New York Times. It was three columns wide and full page height, asking the fifteen Senators on the Ellender Committee to send the Humane Slaughter Bill to the Senate Floor or threatening housewives' meat boycott. That same evening the committee voted 10-5 to postpone the Bill for two years, meanwhile submitting a substitute proposal "to study the matter more carefully to determine what to do."

Lee Vogel, Nightbeat Programme Conductor, Radio Station WHB, Pickwick Hotel, Kansas City, Missouri, has promised me he will keep Humane Slaughter Bill before his audience as long as he can. Humane Slaughter Bill has been on his programme every night for the last ten days.

 Write all the prominent people you know urging them to write Vogel complimenting him on this. He needs this support very much as Kansas City is a big stockyards and slaughterhouse industrial city. Act now.

The House Committee reported heaviest mail in history of any Bill on one thing heavily in favour of the Bill. The House of Representatives passed the Bill. The Senate never got to vote on it, U.S.A. humane societies and other humane people had promises from at least half the Senators they would vote for it when it came to the floor, and acted to pass substitute less than 15 hours after Curtis had the M.G. advertisement in the paper to pull tens of thousands of letters and then announce how much public demand was for the Bill. What is happening to democracy, representative government, etc., when a 15 man committee under big financial lobby can kill a bill the majority of people are for? Was Spengler right ?

Report from: Henry Devlin Thomas, 722 South Broadway, Leavenworth, Kansas, U.S.A.

MORE NEWS FROM CANADA

 We are glad to receive a long letter from Mr. E. Clifford Pratt, of Toronto, a keen propagandist. He has just sent the following letter to The Daily Star and the Lindsay Chamber of Commerce:

"It is distressing to learn that a purported bloodless bullfight is arranged in Lindsay which gives people the unmistakable impression that the religious influences in that community have been of little or no effect in the way of inculcating the Spirit of Humaneness towards God's creatures in the minds of residents. This lack of sympathetic understanding or fair play places those who advocate and support the said bullfight in an unfavourable position, and convincingly reflects their pathetic ignorance of the fundamental principles of life, and of the human degradation which cruelty inevitably involves. By sanctioning the bullfight they automatically place mundane interests before the spiritual ideals for which our loved ones died in the First and Second World Wars. It is certain that the heroes would be the first to actively disapprove of this inhumanity!

 In view of this sad state of affairs a large number of seriously-minded persons, including myself, certainly do strongly protest against this uncivilized 'sport' in question, and earnestly appeal to the higher nature within the authorities to definitely cancel the above disgrace which constitutes a false peace and also a definite challenge to all Churches and Christians who profess to do justly and to love Mercy, and to walk humbly with God.'"

 He also sends the following information:

 The per capita of meat-eating a year in Canada is 150 lbs., in New Zealand and Australia - 200 lbs., and in Argentina – 250 pounds.

Toronto Globe and Mail published the following on March 18th, 1958:  Yesterday two organizations urged the legislature's fish and game committee to support establishment of game farms in Ontario. Both Ontario Game Bird Breeders Association and Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters want to see such farms in existence by next Autumn. Dr. Alan Secord (Veterinarian) presented a brief from the game breeders who proposed that the season for game farm shooting extend from September 1St to March 1st. Main justification for such farms would be to provide shooting at reasonable cost with the expectation of having something in the bag at the end of the day.

Not long ago the Toronto Telegram said that the pheasant season was so poor in the Huron district that a township bought cock birds and released them during the hunt so hunters would have something to shoot at in return for their licence fees.

 The individuals who support exploitation of life, and the purchasers of furs and flesh are under the illusion or greatly mistaken in thinking that the transaction is completed when the said merchandise is paid for in currency as they are unaware of the far greater cost of bitter sufferings and human demoralization for which they are morally responsible and will have to answer in due time. Not until the full price or restitution has been paid to the human and creature victims the whole debt is wiped out. One is inwardly convinced that all those who are in any way cruel or merciless to any living creature, whether it be insect, fish, reptile, bird, or animal, must inevitably face every victim of theirs in grim reality in another sphere of life!

This item was in Man's Conquest (New York) in November issue, 1957: The National Institute of Health recently reported that Americans consume 12 billion aspirins a year- equivalent of 6,000 tons of the drug. It went on to say that aspirin is "by far the most widely-used and cheapest drug on earth, and one of the best." Also, despite the fact that aspirin is universally used as a pain-killer, a fever reducer and an anti-rheumatic drug, comparatively little is known of the way it acts in the body.

 The American Cancer Society reports that smoking 1 packet of cigarettes a day the chances of dying from lung cancer are about 14 times higher than no smoking!

While visiting hospitals persons are shocked to see sick patients indulging in the dangerous and unhealthy habit of smoking in bed which casts a convincingly unfavourable reflection upon the medical profession. By allowing that questionable practice, the profession is automatically defeating its high ideals of the Ministry of Healing, and undermining and weakening the laity's faith in its policy and materia medica. Patients have been seen lying in bed with lighted cigarettes - taking a chance of falling asleep with disastrous results. The sooner some definite steps be taken to check this idiocy the better.

(Above letter printed in 'a number of papers in Ontario cities recently.)  Now there is an insurance plan for dogs, about 15 dollars a year covers your dog's health insurance!

NEW SOCIETY IN GHANA

We are very interested to learn from Mr. I. A. Akyeampong, the General Secretary, that a new organization is being formed called The Ghana Society of Health. , An inaugural meeting is being held in Accra at the end of July.

The Society proposes to publish a journal entitled The Ghana Health Magazine. It is not clear at the time of writing if all the executive committee members are vegetarians, but Mr. Akyeampong would like to co-operate with the I.V.U.

We wish the new Society every success, and if anyone is visiting Ghana or would like to contribute to the magazine, the address is P.O. Box 671, Accra, Ghana.


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