|International Vegetarian Union (IVU)|
The Vegetarian World Forum
WORLD FORUM - No. 4 Vol.
XII - JULY 1959, pp.30-36:
PROGRESS IN INDIA
Prize Essay Competition Scheme. The Bombay Humanitarian League, pioneer institution of the Vegetarian Movement in India, as usual announced the following four Prize Essay Competition Schemes:
Scheme No. 161-
It is expected that more than 300 students will participate in the competition. After the completion of this undertaking, the question of an International Essay Scheme as announced by the League at the 15th World Vegetarian Congress at Bombay, will be worked out in the light of the suggestions of members of the Executive Committee of I.V.U.
Humanitarian Youth Council. As announced earlier, the Humanitarian Youth Council has duly been formed at Bombay with a view to carry on propaganda on Vegetarianism, especially among the younger generation. The energetic convener and secretary of this Council, Miss Janet Irwin, has been able to establish contacts with members of the National Students' Union in Bombay. She and her colleagues are trying to enroll members of the Council from amongst the students of various colleges and others.
Seminar. As decided at the informal meeting of the members of the Executive Committee of the said Council, held at Chetana, two Seminars were held as under:
November 22nd, 1958-
Dr. and Mrs. B. Lytton Bernard. Under the joint auspices of the Bombay Humanitarian League, Humanitarian Youth Council and other humanitarian organizations, a public meeting was held on December 8th, 1958, at Cama Oriental Institute, when Dr. B. Lytton Bernard, of Mexico, gave an interesting lecture on Vegetarian and Natural Hygiene movements in Mexico. Major S. R. Bamji, the eminent humanitarian and ex-member of the Municipal Corporation, presided.
Citizens' Nature Cure Society. The energetic founder of the Vegan Society of India, Mr. Dinkar Desai, Chief Government Inspector of Railways, organised a meeting of those who are interested in the natural way of life on December 13th, 1958, at Bombay. Dr. J. N. Jussawalla, the well-known Nature-Cure Specialist of Bombay, presided. Dr. B. Lytton Bernard, of Mexico, and various other speakers, stressed the importance of the natural way of life and the need for a society for its propagation. The meeting unanimously resolved to form the Citizens' Nature Cure Society with Kumari Suvarna Desai as its Convener.
The Policy of Export of Meat opposed. After the announcement by the Deputy Minister for Food and Agriculture, Government of India, regarding the proposed export of meat from India to various countries, and the implementation of the recommendations of the Ad-hoc Committee for Slaughter Houses and Meat Inspection, the Bombay Humanitarian League and other humanitarian and vegetarian organizations of India lodged their protest against the policy of the Government for export of meat and increasing slaughter houses.
Lecture Tour. Shri Maganlal P. Doshi and Shri J. N. Mankar, during their visit to Calcutta and Jharia, addressed several public meetings and popularised the need for the adoption of a vegetarian way of life as a means for physical and spiritual well-being.
Mr. J. N. Mankar and Miss Janet Irwin gave lectures on the Vegetarian Movement in the East and West and its objects, at the following educational institutions:
M. College, Madras;
and also gave five lectures before three High Schools for boys and girls, and the citizens at Adoni on February 5th, 1959, and also canvassed membership for I.V.U.
Indian Vegetarian Congress. In pursuance of the recommendations of the South Indian Reception Committee, duly accepted by the meeting of the representatives of the Regional and All-India Reception Committees to the 15th World Vegetarian Congress, an All-India body, in the name of "Indian Vegetarian Congress," has duly been established at the meeting at Madras held on February 1st, 1959, under the presidentship of Mr. M. Bhaktavatsalam, Minister, Home Department of Madras. The main object of the organization is to propagate Vegetarianism in India and expand the movement through co-ordinated humanitarian and vegetarian organizations. Mrs. Rukmini Devi Arundale, M.P., has duly been elected as the First President of this Congress, and Mr. Peter Hoffman and Maharajkumar of Vijayanagaram, Shri Gajapathi Raj, have been elected as Joint Secretaries. Sardar Mohan Singh, Chairman of the Delhi Reception Committee, Mr. J. N. Mankar and Miss Janet Irwin from Bombay attended the inaugural meeting. The other regional committees conveyed their agreement with this decision through letters.
Representative for Pakistan. The well-known vegetarian Hakim, Salla Mulla Khan of Karachi, Pakistan, was entertained at Bombay when Mr. Mankar explained the aims and objects of I.V.U. The Hakim Saheb agreed to join the same as a member, and offered to organize the movement in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Baluchistan. Accordingly, he has been appointed as Organizer for Pakistan, Afghanistan and Baluchistan. He also delivered a public lecture on Vegetarianism at Bombay when Mr. Ganpatishanker Desai, ex-Mayor of Bombay, presided.
CANADIAN VEGETARIAN UNION
On Thursday, October 30th, at Shaw Hall, Dugald Semple, Scottish Naturalist, 74, gave a delightful evening to vegetarians and friends, speaking of his simple life in the Scottish Highlands growing fruits and vegetables for his own use and for neighbours, and later operating a large fruit farm with composted soil. He had many conversations with Gandhi and G. B. Shaw, who looked at the fleshless diet from the humanitarian angle, when studying the chemistry of food in London. He found that under the Law of evolution minerals should not be taken into the body in inorganic form but transformed into plant life, he learnt the foolishness of taking lemon juice with starchy foods. Use raisins or dates with your oatmeal, if you must cook your potatoes let them be baked or boiled in their skins. Use steelcut oatmeal or stone-ground wholewheat flour for baking. He spoke of nuts, especially almonds, as the best protein food - no need for milk or dairy foods - in most cases.
Mr. Semple's photographic coloured slides of birds and flowers and Highland beauty spots were worth seeing, and of his life in a caravan teaching by the way, and witnessing to a beautiful and peaceful life which would bring peoples and nations together in goodwill if more widely adopted. Modern science is engaged in linking countries together by trade, but not in linking peoples in peace, and could do much for this great Cause if not giving all their attention to commercial trade and therein exploiting animals and good food. There were about 90 people present.
On November 14th a supper meeting was held at the Antique Tea Rooms with Dr. O. Carthy as guest speaker. Dr. Carthy, a long practised and successful Naturopath and Dietician, gave .a helpful address and later promised a further informative communication to our members which will be valuable. On November 24th members who responded to the. notice were privileged to hear a lecture from the noted organizer and President of "The Men of the Trees." Richard St. Barbe Baker, who gave a spellbinding description of the millions of vegetarians in India who would not exist if meat was required; an expedition across the Sahara to plan the planting of fruit trees and to stop the encroachments of the sand by a Green Front to conquer the desert. St. Barbe Baker's protege, Mr. Maniker, had already claimed 100,000 acres for citrus fruit. Our lecturer spoke of the need all across Canada for further reforestation. If a man loses a third of his skin he dies. If the earth loses a third of its green cover it also turns to dust. Canada is being skinned to print U.S. periodicals. The earth is a sentient being and feels the behaviour of its inhabitants.
Our poet member, Mr. Wilson MacDonald, returned to Toronto to meet and greet our lecturer as he had known him and his work well. Mrs. E. W. Jackson, our President, attended the luncheon arranged by The Men of the Trees next day and wore the pin of the Association which had been presented the night before by Mr. Baker to her.
On Friday, December 5th, we entertained Dr. Alvin Kuhn, a noted Egyptologist, at the Tea Rooms, who gave us a talk on the ethics of health and diet.
The Christmas Party in December took the form of a social evening commencing at 8 p.m. at Shaw Hall on the 18th. A few announcements and carol-singing led by the President and Miss Holman at the piano while candles presented by Mrs. Theresa Scott and fixed in red apple holders brightened the scene. Then pictures of birds were shown on the screen by William Langdon, and their games guessed. A troupe of dancers, led by Mr. Haslett, had been engaged to conduct square dancing and progressive items in which many of our members joined and were enjoyed by dancers and watchers alike. Tickets were sold for a lucky draw on a basket of Health Foods, and at the end of the evening the drawing of hidden numbers was done by the youngest present, Marcel Liedy and David Wark, resulting in a win to Miss Margo Immoar who promptly took out a big tin of honey and gave it for a second draw which was won by Mrs. Pearson (née Aino Peters) and then a packet of wheat and small can of Carley's nut meat for a third draw, won by Mrs. Fay Morris. An historic event was the presentation to our faithful Treasurer of 12 years, Mr. Hugh Jackson, of a sum of $42.00 on the regrettable occasion of his retirement. This was made by Miss Ruth Playle in the name of the Society, saying that the continuous service of an officer often was taken for granted and unnoticed by members. Plentiful refreshments provided by Mrs. Jackson, Miss Budd, Mrs. Wark, Mrs. Clark and others were handed around, and lentil patties, wholewheat bread, cookies and health candies were sold.
On December 30th, a social evening was held at 28 Walker Avenue to meet Mrs. Whitman of Calgary, shown on our brochure as President of the Calgary Unit. Another vegetarian of many years (92) was mentioned in The Star as being the oldest and happiest guest at the hospital dinner, was a graduate of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, in 1888-Mary Byers.
TRAVEL NOTES OF A VEGETARIAN
A mild, sunny day-take a sun bath on the 70-foot sun deck (only part of the verandah roof); a door in my bedroom leads right onto it. Pleasant country vistas all around with the Ramapo Mountains in the distance; New York City is 35 miles away but could be a million miles off. Peach trees almost everywhere. The chaos has vanished in the dining-room and lounge; there is a refreshing newness to the decorations in soothing grey tones-the previously ugly rooms are now beautiful, almost deluxe. Actually the two are one large room with an enormous double stone fireplace in the centre; the spacious lounge tastefully and plentifully furnished with comfy arm chairs, etc. Suddenly the logs started crackling in the lounge fireplace, snow began to fall outside, night came quickly, congenial friends, some with long sideburns, others with neck-to-floor dresses, were chatting around the fireplace, an invisible hand opened the door, and in sauntered old Rip Van Winkle (who the legend states slept near here). Then somebody spoke to me and I stopped dreaming. If the Persian poet, Omar Khayyam had taken one glance at that gigantic colonial fireplace I'm sure he would have added another line to his Rubaiyat, thus-" An arm-chair, a novel in one hand, a cup of warm lentil soup in the other, a raging snowstorm outside, burning logs, and thou." To sum up: the care, attention, cleanliness, accommodations and food at the Linden Tree Health Rest are of a high standard. Carnivores and some vegetarians are unaware how varied, interesting and delicious vegetarian meals can be. Dr. Alice Chase is a master of the art of vegetarian cuisine: she is also one of America's leading authorities in nutrition. Her book Nutrition for Health was highly praised by Maj-General Snyder, President Eisenhower's personal physician. Probably the improved health of the U.S. President is due to the nutrition prescriptions in her book. She is that unique individual – an osteopathic physician with medical college training; she is licensed by the State of New York where the examining board standards are so high that a large number of practitioners have to run the risk of operating without a licence in a State noted for its incessant persecution of unlicensed healers. For all old-fashioned sick people who are addicted to orthodox healing practices, scientifically-prepared foods would be a most salutary change.
GREETINGS FROM HOME AND ABROAD
We have enjoyed so very much hearing from our vegetarian friends in other parts of the world this Christmas. Greetings have been received from Mrs. Gloria Gasque and Mr. Geoffrey L. Rudd, President and Honorary General Secretary of the I.V.U. respectively; also from Mr. Richard St. Barbe Baker (Men of the Trees); Dr. George W. MacGregor of Chicago, Dugald Semple of Scotland: Jean Campbell Calore of California; Dr. A. B. Davies of Hamilton; Professor A. Stevenson, Detroit; Ursula and John Wilson, former members who returned to England; Miss Evelyn Green, a member who lives on the Trans Canada Highway near Cloverdale, B.C.; Sylvia and Douglas Taylor, now of Hollywood; and Miss Hilda Dullege of Montreal, who says she has managed to gather a few food reformists together. We wish all our scattered family a Very Happy New Year.
We are happy to hear that Mr. and Mrs. Hans Bkaauw of Beverwijk, Holland, are emigrating to Canada shortly. They are both members of the Dutch Vegetarian Union and are looking forward to membership of the C.V.U.
For those who are interested in a Florida holiday, we have a high recommendation from Miss Hilda Dullege of Montreal, concerning "Riverland," a guest home run by Don and Lorraine Calhoun, Box 204, Route 4, Ft. Pierce, Florida. Tel. 3321-R. Miss Dullege also recommends the following suppliers: for oranges-Organic Acres, P.O. Box 37, Seffner, Florida; for grapefruit-Herschell Groves, Box 1664, Route 1, Fort Pierce, Florida. Other fruits and nuts are also available. For further information and price list, please contact Miss Ruth Playle, WA 1-5617. The descriptive details, including prices, are most attractive.
NATURISTS START ISRAEL VEGETARIAN VILLAGE
The settlers come from all classes, from town, from village and kibbutz, and from various countries in Europe, Africa and Asia. They hold all sorts of political views - but they are united by one overriding conviction: their belief in an organically and dietetically balanced life in the lap of nature.
Unlike the vegetarians, who abstain from eating flesh and sometimes also animal products, such as eggs and milk, for aesthetic or humanitarian reasons, the naturists have evolved a complete philosophy which holds that natural processes are the best. In line with this, in addition to being strict vegetarians, they abstain as much as possible from cooking and preserving their food.
However, so long as they had to eat food grown by others, they could not carry their beliefs to their logical conclusions, which is that chemical sprays and fertilizers are equally harmful; and this, together with the desire to set up a model community of their own, led them to found the settlement, where they can practise agriculture the way they see it.
According to Mr. Mashler, one of the village's leaders, who advocated naturist land settlement in a social reform magazine as far back as 1947, the naturist movement strives to create a new type of man aspiring to a simple and healthy life. 'The best things in life are free, notes Mr. Mashler, a former Berlin official who took up gardening in Israel. At 63, he has been a vegetarian for 36 years and a naturist for three.
The village's secretary is 28-year-old Mordecai Tamari, a bearded fourth-generation sabra, educated at the Kadoorie Agricultural School.
Amirim, he explains, will be a stock company in which shares Can be purchased in money, equipment or land (the settler's allocation). Most of the land, and the village's other projected money-making schemes, such as a ceramic workshop, will be owned by the company. Settlers will share the profits as premia for work done and/or dividends for their stock.
Cultivations will be based on the naturists' 'organic farming' conceptions, but mechanized as much as possible. The settlement will also put up the settlers houses, the fronts of which will be landscaped by the village management. Settlers will have their own plots in the back of the house.
There will be no animals except by express permission of the village management. When another naturist village is set up, as is projected, at Migdal, one of the two villages will be without any animals whatsoever.
The settlers expect to support themselves by fruit and vegetable growing, collecting and selling medical plants, ceramic works and home industries. They plan to develop Amirim as a resort: one of them, Mr. Glikin, is about to wind up his Haifa hotel and put up a naturist rest house in the village.
The members also want to establish a naturist children's village and a popular price summer camp. One of the village's settlers is already well known in world naturist circles-Mr. Shiomo Aiyeh Birigowski, 71, of London, and a naturist for over half a century. He spent five years in this country in the twenties, and returned two months ago to settle at Amirim together with his wife and 23-year-old son. In 1947, when he went to India, Gandhi invited him to stay at his house, where he spent several weeks and nearly made a full naturist of the Indian leader. He has travelled far and wide to make disciples for his cause.
Man is built like an ape, says Mr. Birigowski, yet while apes thrive on a diet of fruit, man has shortened his life by eating all sorts of foods for which his digestive system is not suited. Various foods produce their specific diseases; among them, meat and fish are highly toxic because they contain uric acid, while milk tends to produce cancer, he says. Witness the correlation between milk consumption and the incidence of cancer in Britain, where both are high, and India, where both are low.
One of the newest members is an American businessman who settled in Ramar Gan a few months ago. On reading a report in the Jerusalem Post on the founding of this settlement, he immediately packed his bags and went to Amirim, where he told the members that he had been searching for such a life in the U.S.A. but had been unable to find it there.
The village's settlers include a number of men and women who took up naturism when they were dangerously ill and all hope of recovering seemed lost. They are now well, and ascribe their good health primarily to their diet."
NO PILLS. NO INJECTIONS IN VEGETARIAN VILLAGE
The secretary of the new 'moshav shitufi,' Mr. Mordecai Tarnari, said in his opening speech that to settle at Amirim was not only a physical act but also a spiritual one. 'The return to nature will bring man back to the state he enjoyed in the Garden of Eden, to a comprehension of the great harmony of nature and the liberation from extremist theories,' he said.
Mrs. Gila Gun, wife of the chairman of the Knesset Finance Committee, said that the purpose of the settlement was to create a healthy, sensible and, above all, happy type of man. She claimed that, because of proper nutrition, there would be no cases of polio in this settlement, fevers would not be reduced artificially, by pills, and there would be no inoculations or injections."
NEWS FROM CHINA
We are very happy to have established contact with a vegetarian dietician in China. She reports that tuberculosis has almost disappeared with the greater availability of nutritious foods, and the young people are, on the whole, more fit and muscularly well-developed.
Previously the good things of life went largely to town-dwellers, but now things are being evened up. She states that the good Chinese diet has always been varied, and cooking most hygienic -steaming or quick pan-frying, tossing green vegetables over a very hot flame for a few minutes.
Apparently there is nothing in the bakery line that cannot be produced with sweet potatoes-buns bread, cakes, cookies, dumplings and doughnuts-and a recent exhibition was held to popularize sweet potatoes and to see how the people reacted.
Great emphasis is placed on the nutritive qualities of the soya bean, which is rich in protein, vitamins and minerals, and among the products are soya milk and rich bean pastes for cake fillings; bean curd is available in many attractive forms-soft, dried, smoked, frozen, and in a form simulating bamboo shoots - they are made into noodles, sprouted with the natural addition of Vitamin C-as are Lima beans (sold steaming hot on the streets and eaten like potato chips in England !).
The normal diet does, of course, include meat, but anyone wishing to be vegetarian finds it no problem. It is becoming easier to buy coarse whole grains and flour.
Chinese medicine has always been largely herbal-mixtures of herbs and honey taken with boiled water.
Our correspondent's heart is warmed when she sees "Mrs. Average Housewife" going home with her market basket loaded with giant cabbages, turnips, onions, potatoes and carrots.
TACKLING THE FOOD PROBLEM
A recent communication from UNESCO states that
"One-third of the earth's land surface is arid. For each cultivated acre, there are too many that are unproductive - and this in a world whose steadily increasing population needs more and more food.
Arid zones run through no less than 57 countries. Global in extent, the problem they present can best be tackled by international action, with scientific research as the key.
In reclaiming desert or semi-desert areas, the main problem is, of course, water. Prospecting for underground sources, sinking wells, devising irrigation schemes, making the utmost use of dew, perfecting ways of purifying saline water and of creating artificial rain-fall, all these are prime tasks in the conquest of the desert.
There are others, too, if the arid lands are to be fully rescued from want and waste. Arid areas are also hardship areas; their inhabitants condemned to primitive living conditions, lacking food, communications, power-sources, and opportunity for advancement.
The problem is one of applying scientific and technical knowledge for the improvement of living conditions. It comes, therefore, directly within the mandate of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco).
From its earliest days Unesco has actively concerned itself with arid zone research, working through an Advisory Committee of international experts which each year has concentrated on a selected aspect of the question: hydrology and underground water; plant, animal and human life in relation to desert environment; wind and solar energy, climate, and soil erosion.
Unesco, to meet the wishes of its 79 Member States, stepped up its work in this field and made research into the problems of arid lands a major project. This project began in 1957 and will run for six years.
The area to be covered by the project extends from North Africa to South Asia. Its broad purpose is to develop and bring together all experience and research in aridity problems. Training programmes for specialists are being initiated ; desert research institutions strengthened or created; the interchange of scientists facilitated through fellowships. Unesco's Advisory Committee will be at the centre of a network of national and local committees - engaged not only on the scientific work of the project but also in conducting a broad educational programme to inform the public of the scope of the problem and the benefits its solution can bring to mankind. The desert will not bloom overnight; but this major project of Unesco presents the biggest and most hopeful challenge to its barren hold on land needed by man."
It is encouraging to know that efforts are being made on an international scale to wrest more land from deserts to provide living space and food for the growing world population.
We think the problem is more serious than is generally accepted; the sooner nations realize that in our lifetime the threat of widespread famine will be apparent, the sooner they will work together more wholeheartedly.
Instead of separating into hostile ideological groups, the astronomical millions now wasted on preparing for mutual destruction should be diverted to making the world's land surface into areas of intensive cultivation, with emphasis on vegetarian foods-only in this way will the planet's freight of human beings be adequately nourished.
Quite frankly, the only reason now why food is not equally distributed, is financial - a blot on human morality.